Instead, I propose that you put aside the marketing hype, the questionable attribution methods, and the upside-down formula of # of failed ops = greatest threat and re-evaluate the cyber threat landscape through a more rational lens. To that end and in the hopes of stimulating some informed discussion on the topic, here are 7 reasons why the Russian Federation should replace the Peoples Republic of China as the world's most dangerous cyber adversary.
1. Russia is the only nation that has engaged in a military action with a cyber warfare component: The Russia-Georgia War of August, 2008.
2. Russia is the only nation that has engaged in a cyber attack which crippled components of an entire nation's critical infrastructure sporadically over a three week period: The Estonia Cyber Attacks 2007
3. Russia's Prime Minister formerly ran industrial espionage operations for the KGB and still considers such operations an asset to the country.
4. Russia has built a parallel military and civilian information warfare infrastructure that it actively uses against internal and external adversaries. For example, the Federal Security Service's 16th Directorate which is responsible for the interception, decryption, and processing of communications has been recently been identified as Military unit (VCH) 71330.
5. The Russian government funds organizations like the Nashi which engage in cyber attacks and other malicious acts.
6. Individuals closely aligned with the Russian government are prominent venture capitalists who invest in the world's largest social network companies and in U.S. technology startups as a self-funding open source intelligence operation.
7. Unlike China, Russian cyber operations are rarely discovered, which is the true measure of a successful op.
For full disclosure, my company provides this type of research to corporate clients so that they can better gauge their risk among the world's threat actors.